Kosciuszko National Park
Kosciuszko National Park, located in New South Wales, Australia, is a breathtaking natural wonderland that encompasses the highest peak in the country, Mount Kosciuszko. Spanning over 6,900 square kilometers, this diverse and picturesque park offers a myriad of outdoor activities and stunning landscapes for visitors to explore. From snow-capped mountains and alpine meadows to pristine rivers and ancient forests, Kosciuszko National Park is a haven for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. Whether you’re interested in hiking, skiing, fishing, or simply immersing yourself in the tranquility of nature, this park has something to offer for everyone. With its rich biodiversity and unique ecosystems, including the iconic Snowy River and the rare alpine plants and animals, Kosciuszko National Park provides a remarkable opportunity to connect with the natural world and experience the beauty of Australia’s wilderness. So, pack your bags, lace up your hiking boots, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey through the stunning landscapes of Kosciuszko National Park.
|Location||New South Wales, Australia|
|Area||6,900 square kilometers|
|Established||1 October 1967|
|Highest peak||Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 meters)|
|Biodiversity||Home to over 20 endangered plant species|
|Activities||Hiking, skiing, camping, and wildlife viewing|
|Unique feature||Snowy River and its surrounding alpine areas|
|Conservation efforts||Protecting fragile ecosystems and wildlife|
|Visitor numbers (2019)||Over 4 million|
|Cultural significance||Named after Polish military leader T. Kosciuszko|
Understanding Kosciuszko National Park
Kosciuszko National Park is a stunning natural wonder located in New South Wales, Australia. Covering a vast area of land, this national park is known for its breathtaking landscapes, diverse wildlife, and rich cultural heritage. Let’s delve into the details of what makes Kosciuszko National Park so special.
What is Kosciuszko National Park?
Kosciuszko National Park is a protected area that encompasses the Snowy Mountains region in New South Wales. Named after Mount Kosciuszko, the highest peak in Australia, this national park is a haven for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike. It offers a wide range of outdoor activities, including bushwalking, camping, skiing, mountain biking, and horse riding.
Where is Kosciuszko National Park Located?
Kosciuszko National Park is situated in the southeastern part of New South Wales, Australia. It spans across an impressive area, covering approximately 6,900 square kilometers. The park is easily accessible from major cities such as Sydney and Canberra, making it a popular destination for both locals and tourists.
The Size and Biome of Kosciuszko National Park
With its vast expanse, Kosciuszko National Park is the largest national park in New South Wales. It is home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including alpine meadows, snow gum woodlands, and subalpine forests. The park’s unique geographical features, such as glacial lakes, rugged mountains, and the iconic Snowy River, add to its natural beauty.
Why was Kosciuszko National Park Created?
Kosciuszko National Park was established with the aim of protecting the unique alpine ecosystems and preserving the natural beauty of the Snowy Mountains region. It plays a crucial role in nature conservation, ensuring the survival of endangered species and maintaining the ecological balance of the area. The park is also of significant cultural importance, with its Aboriginal heritage sites and historical landmarks.
The History: When was Kosciuszko National Park Established?
Kosciuszko National Park was officially established in 1944, making it one of the oldest national parks in Australia. Over the years, it has become an integral part of the Australian National Heritage List, recognizing its outstanding natural and cultural values. The park’s management focuses on environmental stewardship, promoting sustainable tourism, and providing educational opportunities for visitors.
In conclusion, Kosciuszko National Park is a treasure trove of natural wonders, offering a wide range of outdoor activities and opportunities for nature exploration. Its diverse landscapes, rich biodiversity, and cultural heritage make it a must-visit destination for anyone seeking to immerse themselves in the beauty of the Australian bushland. Whether you’re an avid hiker, a wildlife enthusiast, or simply someone who appreciates the serenity of nature, Kosciuszko National Park has something to offer for everyone.
Exploring the Park: Key Features and Attractions
Kosciuszko National Park is a stunning natural wonderland located in New South Wales, Australia. Spanning over 6,900 square kilometers, this national park is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. Let’s take a closer look at some of the key features and attractions that make Kosciuszko National Park a must-visit destination.
Kosciuszko National Park Hikes and Walks
One of the best ways to explore the beauty of Kosciuszko National Park is by embarking on its numerous hiking trails and walks. With over 20 different trails to choose from, ranging in difficulty and length, there is something for everyone. Whether you’re a seasoned hiker or a beginner, you’ll find a trail that suits your fitness level and interests.
Some popular hiking trails in the park include the Main Range Walk, the Mount Kosciuszko Summit Walk, and the Yarrangobilly Caves Walk. These trails offer breathtaking views of the surrounding alpine landscapes, glacial lakes, and rugged mountain peaks. Along the way, you’ll also have the opportunity to spot native wildlife and learn about the park’s rich Aboriginal heritage.
Kosciuszko National Park Snow: A Winter Wonderland
During the winter months, Kosciuszko National Park transforms into a snowy wonderland, attracting skiers and snowboarders from all over the world. With its close proximity to the Snowy Mountains, Thredbo, and Perisher Blue ski resorts, the park offers excellent opportunities for winter sports enthusiasts.
Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced skier, you’ll find a range of slopes and trails to suit your skill level. From gentle beginner slopes to challenging black runs, there’s something for everyone. The park’s snowy landscapes also provide a picturesque backdrop for activities such as snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and building snowmen.
The Unique Flora and Fauna: Kosciuszko National Park Brumbies
Kosciuszko National Park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including some unique and endangered species. One of the park’s most iconic inhabitants is the Kosciuszko brumby, a wild horse that roams freely in the alpine meadows and grasslands.
The brumbies have become a symbol of the park’s rugged beauty and have a special place in Australian folklore. While controversial due to their impact on the delicate alpine ecosystems, these majestic creatures continue to captivate visitors with their grace and strength.
In addition to the brumbies, the park is also home to a variety of native wildlife, including kangaroos, wallabies, wombats, and a wide range of bird species. Birdwatchers will be delighted by the opportunity to spot rare and colorful birds such as the superb lyrebird and the gang-gang cockatoo.
Recreational Activities in the Park
Apart from hiking, skiing, and wildlife spotting, Kosciuszko National Park offers a wide range of recreational activities for visitors to enjoy. Whether you’re interested in camping, mountain biking, horse riding, or fishing, there’s something for everyone.
Camping in the park allows you to immerse yourself in the beauty of the Australian bushland and experience the tranquility of the wilderness. There are several camping areas available, ranging from basic bush campsites to more developed campgrounds with facilities.
Mountain biking enthusiasts will find a network of trails that wind through the park’s stunning landscapes, offering thrilling rides and breathtaking views. Horse riding is also a popular activity, allowing visitors to explore the park’s vast wilderness on horseback.
For those interested in fishing, the park is home to several pristine rivers and lakes, including the famous Snowy River. These waterways offer excellent opportunities for trout fishing, and anglers can try their luck in catching the elusive brown and rainbow trout.
In conclusion, Kosciuszko National Park is a treasure trove of natural beauty and outdoor adventures. Whether you’re exploring its hiking trails, enjoying the winter snow, admiring the unique flora and fauna, or engaging in recreational activities, this national park offers something for everyone. So pack your bags, grab your hiking boots or skis, and get ready to immerse yourself in the wonders of Kosciuszko National Park.
Planning Your Visit: Practical Information
Kosciuszko National Park Weather: What to Expect?
When planning a visit to Kosciuszko National Park, it’s important to be aware of the weather conditions you can expect during your stay. The park experiences a range of weather patterns throughout the year, so it’s essential to pack accordingly.
In the summer months (December to February), the weather in Kosciuszko National Park is generally warm and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius (59 to 77 degrees Fahrenheit). It’s the perfect time for outdoor activities such as bushwalking, camping, and mountain biking. However, it’s always a good idea to bring a light jacket or sweater, as temperatures can drop in the evenings.
During the winter season (June to August), the park transforms into a winter wonderland, with snow-covered peaks and ski slopes. The temperatures can drop below freezing, so it’s crucial to come prepared with warm clothing, including hats, gloves, and thermal layers. Snow chains are also required for vehicles entering the park during this time, ensuring safe travel on icy roads.
Kosciuszko National Park Day Pass and Multi-Day Pass
To access Kosciuszko National Park, visitors are required to purchase a day pass or a multi-day pass. These passes allow entry into the park and contribute to the conservation and maintenance of the park’s facilities.
The day pass is valid for 24 hours from the time of purchase and costs a nominal fee. It’s ideal for visitors who plan to spend a single day exploring the park and its attractions.
For those who wish to extend their stay, the multi-day pass offers excellent value for money. It allows entry into the park for multiple consecutive days, making it convenient for activities such as hiking, camping, or skiing. The multi-day pass can be purchased for up to 14 days, providing ample time to immerse oneself in the park’s natural beauty.
Where to Buy Kosciuszko National Park Pass?
To purchase a Kosciuszko National Park pass, there are several options available. Visitors can buy their passes online through the official National Parks website or at various entry points to the park.
If you prefer to purchase your pass in person, the park’s visitor centers and information centers are equipped to assist you. These centers provide valuable information about the park, including maps, brochures, and expert advice on the best trails and activities to explore.
Additionally, some local businesses and tour operators may also sell Kosciuszko National Park passes, offering the convenience of obtaining a pass while organizing other aspects of your visit.
National Parks Kosciuszko Entry Fee and Fine
To maintain the park’s facilities and protect its natural beauty, an entry fee is required for all visitors to Kosciuszko National Park. The fee contributes to the ongoing conservation efforts and ensures the park remains accessible for future generations to enjoy.
The entry fee varies depending on the type of pass purchased and the duration of your visit. It’s important to note that failure to display a valid pass can result in fines, so it’s essential to obtain and display your pass correctly.
By paying the entry fee and displaying your pass, you are not only complying with park regulations but also actively contributing to the preservation and maintenance of this remarkable national park.
Kosciuszko National Park Snow Chains: A Winter Requirement
During the winter season, snow chains are a mandatory requirement for vehicles entering Kosciuszko National Park. This regulation is in place to ensure the safety of all visitors and to minimize the risk of accidents on icy roads.
Snow chains provide additional traction for vehicles, allowing them to navigate safely through snowy and slippery conditions. It’s crucial to have the appropriate size and type of chains for your vehicle, as ill-fitting or incorrect chains can be ineffective and potentially dangerous.
Before embarking on your journey to the park during winter, it’s advisable to check the weather conditions and road closures. This information can be obtained from the park’s official website or by contacting the visitor centers. By being prepared with snow chains and staying informed, you can have a safe and enjoyable winter experience in Kosciuszko National Park.
Accommodation and Camping in Kosciuszko National Park
Kosciuszko National Park offers a range of accommodation options and camping opportunities for visitors to enjoy the stunning natural beauty of the park. Whether you prefer the comfort of a cozy cabin or the adventure of camping under the stars, there is something for everyone in this magnificent national park.
Kosciuszko National Park Accommodation Options
When it comes to accommodation in Kosciuszko National Park, there are several options to choose from. Whether you’re looking for a luxurious retreat or a budget-friendly stay, you’ll find something that suits your needs.
Resorts and Lodges: For those seeking a touch of luxury, there are resorts and lodges nestled within the park. These accommodations offer comfortable rooms, stunning views, and a range of amenities to make your stay enjoyable. Some popular options include the Snowy Mountains Resort and Spa, Thredbo Alpine Hotel, and Perisher Valley Hotel.
Cabins and Cottages: If you prefer a more rustic experience, there are cabins and cottages available for rent. These cozy accommodations provide a home away from home, with self-contained facilities and beautiful surroundings. You can find cabins and cottages in various locations throughout the park, such as Jindabyne, Thredbo, and Perisher.
Campgrounds: For nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers, camping in Kosciuszko National Park is a popular choice. There are several campgrounds scattered throughout the park, offering basic facilities and a chance to immerse yourself in the wilderness. Some well-known campgrounds include Island Bend, Thredbo Diggings, and Tom Groggin.
Kosciuszko National Park Camping: What You Need to Know?
Camping in Kosciuszko National Park is a fantastic way to experience the great outdoors and connect with nature. Before you embark on your camping adventure, here are a few things you need to know:
Booking and Permits: To camp in Kosciuszko National Park, you will need to book a campsite in advance. You can do this online or by contacting the National Parks and Wildlife Service. It’s important to note that some campgrounds require a camping permit, so be sure to check the specific requirements for your chosen location.
Facilities: While camping in the park, you can expect basic facilities such as toilets, picnic tables, and fire pits. However, it’s essential to come prepared with your own camping gear, including a tent, sleeping bags, cooking equipment, and sufficient food and water supplies.
Campfire Safety: Campfires are allowed in designated fire pits within the campgrounds. However, it’s crucial to follow fire safety guidelines and regulations. Always check for any fire bans or restrictions before lighting a fire and ensure it is fully extinguished before leaving the area.
Leave No Trace: As with any outdoor adventure, it’s important to practice Leave No Trace principles. This means leaving your campsite as you found it, disposing of waste properly, and respecting the natural environment. By doing so, you help preserve the beauty of Kosciuszko National Park for future generations to enjoy.
Camping in Kosciuszko National Park offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the stunning wilderness of the Australian alpine region. Whether you choose to stay in a cozy cabin or pitch a tent under the stars, you’re sure to create unforgettable memories in this remarkable national park. So pack your camping gear, embrace the beauty of nature, and get ready for an adventure in Kosciuszko National Park.
Navigating the Park: Maps and Routes
When visiting Kosciuszko National Park, it’s essential to have a good understanding of the park’s layout and the various routes available for exploration. Here, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide to navigating the park, including information on the park map and the different areas you can explore.
Kosciuszko National Park Map: A Comprehensive Guide
To make the most of your visit to Kosciuszko National Park, it’s highly recommended to obtain a park map. This comprehensive guide will help you navigate through the park’s vast expanse and ensure you don’t miss out on any of its incredible sights and activities.
The park map provides an overview of the entire park, including its key features, trails, and points of interest. It will also highlight the various entry points and visitor centers, making it easier for you to plan your trip and access the park from your preferred location.
When studying the map, pay attention to the different colored lines, which represent the various trails available for hiking, mountain biking, and horse riding. These trails cater to different skill levels and offer a range of distances, from short walks to multi-day hikes. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced adventurer, there’s a trail for everyone in Kosciuszko National Park.
Exploring the Khancoban Area
One of the areas worth exploring in Kosciuszko National Park is the Khancoban area. Located in the western part of the park, this area offers a unique blend of natural beauty and outdoor activities.
The Khancoban area is home to the stunning Khancoban Pondage, a man-made lake perfect for fishing, boating, and picnicking. The lake is surrounded by picturesque mountain views, providing a serene setting for relaxation and enjoying the great outdoors.
For those seeking adventure, the area also offers access to the Snowy Mountains, where you can indulge in activities such as skiing, snowboarding, and snowshoeing during the winter months. During the summer, the mountains transform into a haven for bushwalking and camping, allowing you to immerse yourself in the pristine wilderness.
Discovering the Yarrangobilly Area
Another area within Kosciuszko National Park that shouldn’t be missed is the Yarrangobilly area. Located in the northern part of the park, this area is known for its unique geological features and natural wonders.
One of the highlights of the Yarrangobilly area is the Yarrangobilly Caves. These limestone caves offer a fascinating underground experience, with guided tours available to explore the stunning formations and learn about the cave’s history and significance.
In addition to the caves, the Yarrangobilly area is also home to the famous Yarrangobilly River, which offers opportunities for swimming, picnicking, and relaxing by the water. The river is surrounded by lush greenery, creating a tranquil atmosphere that’s perfect for unwinding and connecting with nature.
Planning Your Adventure
When planning your visit to Kosciuszko National Park, it’s important to consider the time of year and the activities you wish to engage in. The park offers a wide range of outdoor activities, from hiking and camping to skiing and wildlife spotting, so there’s something for everyone to enjoy.
To ensure a smooth and enjoyable experience, take the time to study the park map and familiarize yourself with the different areas and trails. This will help you plan your itinerary and make the most of your time in the park.
Remember to check the park’s website or contact the visitor center for up-to-date information on trail conditions, park regulations, and any closures or restrictions that may be in place. By being well-prepared and informed, you can have a safe and memorable adventure in Kosciuszko National Park.
So, grab your map, pack your gear, and get ready to explore the wonders of Kosciuszko National Park. Whether you’re a nature lover, an outdoor enthusiast, or simply seeking a peaceful retreat, this park has it all.
The Park’s Management and Regulations
Kosciuszko National Park is not only a haven for outdoor enthusiasts but also a protected area that requires careful management and adherence to regulations. Let’s explore some key aspects of the park’s management and regulations.
Kosciuszko National Park Plan of Management
The Kosciuszko National Park Plan of Management serves as a guiding document that outlines the vision, objectives, and strategies for the park’s sustainable management. Developed in consultation with stakeholders and the community, this plan ensures that the park’s natural and cultural values are protected while providing opportunities for visitors to enjoy the park’s offerings.
The plan addresses various aspects of park management, including biodiversity conservation, visitor experiences, Aboriginal cultural heritage, and recreational activities. It aims to strike a balance between preserving the park’s unique ecosystems and allowing visitors to appreciate its natural beauty.
Understanding the Kosciuszko National Park Entry Fee Fine
To maintain the park’s infrastructure and support conservation efforts, an entry fee is required for visitors entering Kosciuszko National Park. The entry fee contributes to the upkeep of facilities, tracks, and trails, as well as the management of visitor services.
It’s important to understand that failure to pay the entry fee can result in fines. The fine serves as a deterrent to ensure compliance with park regulations and helps fund ongoing conservation initiatives. By paying the entry fee, visitors contribute to the preservation and enhancement of the park for future generations.
Kosciuszko National Park: Opening and Closing Times
Kosciuszko National Park operates under specific opening and closing times, which vary depending on the season and weather conditions. These times are in place to ensure visitor safety and protect the park’s fragile ecosystems.
During the summer months, the park generally opens at sunrise and closes at sunset. This allows visitors to make the most of the longer daylight hours and enjoy activities such as bushwalking, camping, and mountain biking. However, it’s important to check the official park website or contact the visitor center for the most up-to-date information on opening and closing times.
In winter, the park’s opening and closing times may be subject to change due to snowfall and hazardous conditions. The park’s ski resorts, such as Thredbo and Perisher Blue, operate within their own designated hours and have separate entry fees. It’s crucial to check the ski resort websites for specific details regarding opening and closing times, as well as any additional requirements for accessing the ski areas.
By adhering to the park’s opening and closing times, visitors can ensure their safety and minimize their impact on the park’s delicate ecosystems. It’s also important to note that some areas within the park may have restricted access or temporary closures to protect sensitive wildlife habitats or during ecological restoration projects.
In conclusion, understanding the park’s management and regulations is essential for visitors to have a safe and enjoyable experience in Kosciuszko National Park. By familiarizing themselves with the Kosciuszko National Park Plan of Management, paying the entry fee, and adhering to the park’s opening and closing times, visitors can contribute to the preservation of this remarkable natural treasure.
Unraveling Mysteries: The Missing Skier in Kosciuszko National Park
Kosciuszko National Park, located in New South Wales, Australia, is a breathtaking wilderness area that offers a wide range of outdoor activities and stunning natural beauty. From hiking trails to mountain biking, horse riding to backcountry skiing, this national park has something for everyone. However, amidst the allure of adventure and exploration, there have been instances where nature’s unpredictability has taken center stage. One such incident was the mysterious disappearance of a skier in Kosciuszko National Park.
In the winter of [year], a skier ventured into the snowy expanse of Kosciuszko National Park, seeking the thrill of gliding down the slopes. Equipped with the necessary gear and experience, the skier set off on a trail that promised breathtaking views and an adrenaline rush. However, as time passed and the skier failed to return, concern grew among fellow enthusiasts and park authorities.
Search and Rescue Efforts
The disappearance of the skier triggered an extensive search and rescue operation in Kosciuszko National Park. Park rangers, along with volunteers and specialized teams, scoured the area, combing through the snow-covered terrain in a race against time. Despite their best efforts, the skier remained elusive, leaving behind a trail of unanswered questions.
The Challenges Faced
The search for the missing skier was not without its challenges. Kosciuszko National Park is vast, covering an area of [area] and encompassing diverse landscapes, including mountains, lakes, and glacial valleys. The harsh winter conditions further complicated the search, with heavy snowfall and freezing temperatures making it difficult to navigate the terrain. Despite these obstacles, the search and rescue teams persevered, driven by a determination to bring the missing skier back to safety.
The disappearance of the skier in Kosciuszko National Park serves as a reminder of the importance of preparedness and caution when venturing into the wilderness. While the allure of adventure is undeniable, it is crucial to be aware of the potential risks and to take appropriate precautions. This includes informing others of your plans, carrying essential supplies, and being mindful of weather conditions and trail difficulty.
The mystery surrounding the missing skier in Kosciuszko National Park remains unsolved. Despite the best efforts of search and rescue teams, the skier has yet to be found. This incident serves as a sobering reminder of the power and unpredictability of nature. As visitors to national parks, it is our responsibility to respect and appreciate the wilderness while also ensuring our own safety. Let this incident be a lesson to us all, reminding us to approach outdoor activities with caution and respect for the environment. Conclusion
In conclusion, Kosciuszko National Park is a magnificent natural reserve located in New South Wales, Australia. It offers a wide range of activities and attractions for visitors, including hiking, skiing, and wildlife spotting. The park’s diverse ecosystems, including alpine meadows, snow-capped mountains, and pristine rivers, provide a unique and breathtaking experience for nature enthusiasts. With its rich biodiversity and stunning landscapes, Kosciuszko National Park is truly a treasure worth exploring. Whether you are seeking adventure or tranquility, this park has something to offer for everyone. So, plan your visit to Kosciuszko National Park and immerse yourself in the beauty of nature.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Kosciuszko National Park?
Kosciuszko National Park is a national park in New South Wales, Australia. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including the Snowy Mountains, the highest mountain range in Australia. The park offers a wide range of outdoor activities such as bushwalking, camping, skiing, mountain biking, and horse riding. It is also home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including several endangered species.
How big is the Kosciuszko National Park?
Kosciuszko National Park is one of the largest national parks in Australia, covering an area of over 6,900 square kilometers. This vast area includes the Snowy River, Yarrangobilly Caves, and the highest peak in Australia, Mount Kosciuszko.
What is the weather like in Kosciuszko National Park?
The weather in Kosciuszko National Park varies greatly depending on the season and altitude. Summers are typically warm with cool nights, while winters are cold with heavy snowfall in the alpine areas, making it a popular destination for skiing.
What is the entry fee for Kosciuszko National Park?
The entry fee for Kosciuszko National Park varies depending on the time of year and the type of vehicle. As of 2022, the day pass fee for a vehicle is $29 during the peak season and $17 during the off-peak season. Annual passes are also available.
What accommodation options are available in Kosciuszko National Park?
There are several accommodation options available within Kosciuszko National Park, ranging from camping and caravan sites to lodges and cabins. Accommodation can also be found in the nearby areas of Thredbo and Perisher Blue.
What recreational activities can be enjoyed in Kosciuszko National Park?
Kosciuszko National Park offers a wide range of recreational activities. In the warmer months, visitors can enjoy bushwalking, mountain biking, and horse riding on the park’s extensive trail network. During the winter, the park’s alpine areas offer excellent skiing and snowboarding opportunities.
Can I visit the Khancoban area of Kosciuszko National Park?
Yes, the Khancoban area is a popular part of Kosciuszko National Park. It offers a range of outdoor activities, including fishing, boating, and bushwalking. It’s also a great place to explore the Australian bushland and enjoy the natural beauty of the area.
What can I see in the Yarrangobilly area of Kosciuszko National Park?
The Yarrangobilly area of Kosciuszko National Park is known for its stunning Yarrangobilly Caves. Visitors can take a guided tour of the caves, relax in the thermal pool, or explore the surrounding wilderness areas.
Why was Kosciuszko National Park created?
Kosciuszko National Park was created to protect the unique alpine ecosystems of the Snowy Mountains, as well as the area’s Aboriginal heritage. The park is also part of the Australian National Heritage List due to its biodiversity and natural beauty.
What time does Kosciuszko National Park open?
Kosciuszko National Park is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, all year round. However, some areas of the park, such as the Yarrangobilly Caves, have specific opening hours, and some roads and trails may be closed during severe weather or for environmental management purposes.