The Orang National Park, located in the state of Assam in India, is a remarkable wildlife sanctuary that is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna. Spread across an area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers, the park is situated on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River and is known for its rich biodiversity. The park was established in 1999 with the aim of protecting the endangered species of the region, particularly the Indian rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. With its dense forests, grasslands, and wetlands, the Orang National Park provides a natural habitat for numerous species of mammals, birds, and reptiles. The park is also famous for its population of the rare and endangered pygmy hog, which is one of the smallest and most threatened wild pigs in the world. In addition to its diverse wildlife, the park is also known for its scenic beauty, with the majestic Brahmaputra River flowing alongside it. The Orang National Park offers visitors a unique opportunity to experience the wonders of nature and witness the conservation efforts being made to protect the region’s precious wildlife.
|Area||78.81 sq km|
|Bird Species||Over 200|
|Importance||UNESCO World Heritage|
|Nearby Attractions||Kaziranga National Park|
|Manas National Park|
|Nameri National Park|
The Historical Significance of Orang National Park
Orang National Park, located in the state of Assam in India, holds immense historical significance. Let’s explore some interesting aspects of the park’s history.
The Old and New Names of Orang National Park
Orang National Park, previously known as the Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The park was originally called “Orang” after the Orang tribe, who resided in the area. The word “Orang” means “man” in the local language.
When Orang National Park was Declared as a Tiger Reserve
In the year 1985, Orang National Park was declared as a tiger reserve, making it one of the oldest tiger reserves in India. This declaration was a significant step towards the conservation and protection of the Bengal tiger, which is an endangered species. The park’s diverse ecosystem provides an ideal habitat for these majestic creatures.
Orang National Park: A Brief in Hindi and Assamese
Orang National Park, known as “Orang Rashtriya Uddyan” in Hindi and “Orang Rashtriya Aranya Abhayaranya” in Assamese, is a popular destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. The park covers an area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers and is situated on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River.
The park’s geographical location makes it a unique ecosystem, as it lies on the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River. The terrain consists of riverine grasslands, marshes, and dense forests, providing a diverse range of habitats for various species.
Orang National Park is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. It boasts a rich biodiversity, with over 222 species of birds, including the globally threatened Bengal florican and the great Indian hornbill. The park is also home to the Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, and the royal Bengal tiger.
Visitors to Orang National Park can indulge in a range of activities, such as wildlife photography, birdwatching, and even trekking. The park offers a unique opportunity to witness the beauty of Assam’s natural heritage up close.
In terms of accommodation, there are several options available near the park, ranging from budget-friendly guesthouses to luxurious resorts. These accommodations provide a comfortable stay for visitors, allowing them to immerse themselves in the tranquility of the park.
Orang National Park is not just a wildlife sanctuary; it is a testament to the efforts made towards conservation and preserving the natural beauty of Assam. The park serves as a reminder of the importance of protecting our environment and the incredible biodiversity it holds.
In conclusion, Orang National Park’s historical significance, coupled with its diverse flora and fauna, makes it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. Whether you’re interested in exploring the park’s rich history, embarking on a thrilling safari, or simply immersing yourself in the beauty of nature, Orang National Park has something to offer for everyone. So, plan your visit and get ready to experience the wonders of this remarkable national park.
Geographical Insights into Orang National Park
Orang National Park, located in the northeastern state of Assam in India, is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. This protected area is known for its diverse flora and fauna, making it a must-visit destination for those seeking an immersive experience in the lap of nature.
Where is Orang National Park Situated?
Orang National Park is situated on the northern bank of the Brahmaputra River, in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Assam. It covers an extensive area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers (30.43 square miles), making it one of the smaller national parks in the region. Despite its size, Orang National Park is teeming with a rich variety of wildlife and boasts a unique ecosystem.
Orang National Park in the Map of Assam
When you look at the map of Assam, you’ll find Orang National Park nestled in the heart of the state. It is strategically located near the borders of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, adding to its geographical significance. The park’s proximity to these regions contributes to its biodiversity, as it serves as a corridor for the movement of wildlife between different protected areas.
The District and State Hosting Orang National Park
Orang National Park spans across two districts of Assam – Darrang and Sonitpur. Darrang district is known for its picturesque landscapes and is bordered by the mighty Brahmaputra River. Sonitpur district, on the other hand, is home to the famous Tezpur town, known for its historical and cultural significance. These districts, with their unique blend of natural beauty and cultural heritage, provide the perfect backdrop for Orang National Park.
The Total Area Covered by Orang National Park
Covering a total area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers, Orang National Park may be smaller in size compared to other national parks in India, but it certainly doesn’t lack in biodiversity. The park’s compact size allows for easy exploration, making it an ideal destination for wildlife enthusiasts and photographers. Despite its relatively small area, Orang National Park is home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including several endangered species.
In the next section, we will delve deeper into the incredible biodiversity of Orang National Park and explore the various species that call this park their home. So, get ready to embark on a virtual journey through the lush forests and grasslands of this enchanting wildlife sanctuary.
The Biodiversity of Orang National Park
Orang National Park, located in the state of Assam, India, is a treasure trove of biodiversity. Spanning an area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers, this national park is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers alike.
The Flora of Orang National Park
Orang National Park boasts a diverse range of plant species, contributing to its vibrant ecosystem. The park is situated on the northern bank of the mighty River Brahmaputra, which provides fertile soil for the growth of lush vegetation. The park’s flora includes various types of grasses, herbs, shrubs, and trees, forming a dense and verdant landscape.
Some of the prominent plant species found in Orang National Park are:
- Sal (Shorea robusta): This large deciduous tree is a dominant species in the park and provides shelter to numerous animals and birds.
- Elephant Apple (Dillenia indica): Known for its large, edible fruits, this tree is an important food source for elephants and other herbivores.
- Indian Gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica): This medicinal plant is valued for its antioxidant properties and is used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine.
- Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes): Although an invasive species, the water hyacinth adds beauty to the park’s water bodies with its vibrant purple flowers.
The Fauna: What Makes Orang National Park Famous
Orang National Park is renowned for its diverse and abundant wildlife. The park is home to several endangered species, making it a crucial conservation area. It provides a safe haven for these animals, allowing them to thrive in their natural habitat.
The park’s fauna includes a wide range of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Some of the iconic animals found in Orang National Park are:
- Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris): Orang National Park is one of the few places in India where you can spot the majestic Bengal tiger. These elusive creatures roam the dense forests, making for an exhilarating wildlife sighting.
- Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis): Orang National Park is home to a significant population of the Indian rhinoceros. These magnificent creatures can be seen grazing in the grasslands and marshy areas of the park.
- Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus): These gentle giants can be spotted in Orang National Park, often seen bathing in the water bodies or foraging for food in the forests.
- Assam Roofed Turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis): This critically endangered turtle species finds refuge in the park’s rivers and wetlands. Efforts are being made to conserve and protect this unique reptile.
The Unique Animals of Orang National Park
In addition to the famous Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, and Indian elephant, Orang National Park is also home to several unique and lesser-known animal species. Exploring the park’s diverse habitats can lead to exciting encounters with these fascinating creatures.
Some of the unique animals found in Orang National Park are:
- Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania): This critically endangered species is the smallest and rarest wild pig in the world. Orang National Park is one of the few places where you can spot these elusive creatures.
- Greater Adjutant Stork (Leptoptilos dubius): Known for its distinctive appearance, this large bird with a hunched posture is found in the wetlands of the park. It is one of the rarest stork species in the world.
- Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis): This critically endangered bird species is known for its elaborate courtship displays. Orang National Park provides a vital habitat for the survival of this magnificent bird.
Visiting Orang National Park offers a unique opportunity to witness the incredible biodiversity of the region. Whether you’re interested in wildlife photography, birdwatching, or simply immersing yourself in nature, this national park promises an unforgettable experience. With its diverse flora and fauna, Orang National Park stands as a testament to Assam’s natural heritage and the importance of conservation efforts in preserving our planet’s precious ecosystems.
The Orang National Park Safari Experience
The Orang National Park in Assam, India offers a thrilling safari experience for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. This national park is known for its rich biodiversity and is home to several endangered species, including the Bengal tiger and the Indian rhinoceros. Exploring the park through a safari allows visitors to witness the beauty of its flora and fauna up close. Here’s what you need to know about the Orang National Park safari experience.
Orang National Park Safari Timings
To make the most of your visit to the Orang National Park, it’s important to be aware of the safari timings. The park is open for visitors from November to April, which is considered the best time to explore the wildlife sanctuary. The safari timings are as follows:
Morning Safari: The morning safari usually starts at around 7:00 am and lasts for approximately three hours. This is the ideal time to spot various bird species and witness the park come alive with the sounds of nature.
Afternoon Safari: The afternoon safari begins at around 2:00 pm and continues until sunset. This is a great opportunity to spot larger animals like tigers and rhinoceros, as they are more active during this time of the day.
Orang National Park Jeep Safari Price
To embark on a safari adventure in the Orang National Park, visitors can opt for a jeep safari. The park offers well-maintained jeeps with experienced drivers who are knowledgeable about the park’s wildlife and terrain. The price for a jeep safari varies depending on the duration and number of participants. It is advisable to check with the park authorities for the most up-to-date pricing information.
What to Expect During the Orang National Park Safari
During the Orang National Park safari, visitors can expect to be surrounded by the mesmerizing beauty of nature. The park is spread over an area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers, providing ample opportunities to explore its diverse ecosystem. Here are some things to expect during the safari:
Wildlife Spotting: The Orang National Park is known for its diverse range of wildlife. Keep your eyes peeled for sightings of the majestic Bengal tiger, the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephants, and various species of birds. The park is also home to several other species, including deer, wild boars, and reptiles.
Birdwatching: The park is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 200 species of birds calling it home. From colorful kingfishers to rare migratory birds, the park offers a treat for bird enthusiasts. Don’t forget to bring your binoculars and camera to capture these beautiful creatures in their natural habitat.
Scenic Landscapes: As you traverse through the park, you’ll be greeted by breathtaking landscapes. The park is situated on the north bank of the River Brahmaputra, offering stunning views of the river and its surrounding areas. The lush green forests, grasslands, and river terraces create a picturesque backdrop for your safari adventure.
Conservation Efforts: The Orang National Park is not just a tourist destination; it plays a crucial role in the conservation of endangered species. The park authorities work tirelessly to protect and preserve the flora and fauna within its boundaries. By visiting the park, you contribute to these conservation efforts and help raise awareness about the importance of wildlife protection.
In conclusion, the Orang National Park safari experience is a must-visit for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers. From thrilling wildlife sightings to breathtaking landscapes, the park offers a memorable adventure in the heart of Assam’s natural heritage. So, gear up for an exciting safari and get ready to create lifelong memories amidst the wonders of the Orang National Park.
Practical Information for Visitors
Orang National Park Ticket Price
When planning a visit to Orang National Park, it’s important to consider the ticket price. The park authorities have set a reasonable fee to ensure that visitors can enjoy the park’s natural beauty and wildlife without breaking the bank. The ticket price for entry into Orang National Park is affordable, making it accessible to a wide range of visitors.
Distance from Guwahati to Orang National Park
If you’re traveling from Guwahati to Orang National Park, it’s helpful to know the distance between the two locations. The park is located approximately [insert distance] from Guwahati, making it a convenient destination for both local and international travelers. The journey from Guwahati to Orang National Park can be easily covered by various modes of transportation, including buses, taxis, or private vehicles.
Orang National Park Contact Number
For any inquiries or assistance regarding your visit to Orang National Park, it’s advisable to have the park’s contact number on hand. By contacting the park authorities directly, you can gather information about park timings, entry requirements, and any other queries you may have. The contact number for Orang National Park is [insert contact number], and the park staff will be more than happy to assist you.
Accommodation: Orang National Park Resort and Howard Johnson Buena Park
When visiting Orang National Park, finding suitable accommodation is essential for a comfortable stay. Fortunately, there are two excellent options available: the Orang National Park Resort and the Howard Johnson Buena Park. These accommodations provide a range of amenities and services to ensure a pleasant and memorable experience for visitors.
The Orang National Park Resort offers comfortable rooms, delicious cuisine, and a serene atmosphere. Located in close proximity to the park, it allows visitors to easily access the park’s attractions and activities. The resort also offers guided tours and wildlife safaris, allowing guests to explore the park’s diverse flora and fauna.
On the other hand, the Howard Johnson Buena Park is another popular choice for visitors to Orang National Park. This hotel provides modern amenities, spacious rooms, and friendly staff. It is conveniently located near the park, making it an ideal base for exploring the park’s natural wonders.
Both the Orang National Park Resort and the Howard Johnson Buena Park offer a range of facilities, including restaurants, swimming pools, and recreational activities. Whether you prefer a luxurious stay or a budget-friendly option, these accommodations cater to different preferences and budgets.
In conclusion, when planning a visit to Orang National Park, it’s important to consider practical information such as ticket prices, distance from Guwahati, contact numbers, and accommodation options. By being well-informed and prepared, you can make the most of your visit to this beautiful national park in Assam, India.
Orang National Park in the Broader Context
Orang National Park, located in the Indian state of Assam, is a remarkable wildlife sanctuary that showcases the rich biodiversity of the region. Spanning over an area of approximately 78.81 square kilometers, this national park is nestled on the north bank of the Brahmaputra River. While Orang National Park may not be as well-known as some of the other national parks in India, it holds its own unique charm and importance in the realm of conservation.
Comparison: Orang National Park and Other National Parks
When comparing Orang National Park to other national parks, it becomes evident that each park has its own distinct features and attractions. For instance, while Orang National Park is renowned for its population of the endangered Indian rhinoceros and Bengal tiger, other national parks in India, such as Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, also boast a significant number of these majestic creatures.
However, what sets Orang National Park apart is its relatively smaller size, which allows for a more intimate and immersive wildlife experience. The park’s diverse range of flora and fauna, including over 200 species of birds, makes it a haven for birdwatching enthusiasts. Additionally, the park’s picturesque landscape, with its riverine forests and grasslands, provides a unique backdrop for wildlife photography and nature exploration.
Orang National Park vs. International National Parks
While Orang National Park may not be as well-known as some of the international national parks, such as Yellowstone National Park in the United States or Kruger National Park in South Africa, it still holds its own in terms of biodiversity and conservation efforts. Orang National Park’s focus on protecting endangered species, such as the Indian rhinoceros and Bengal tiger, aligns with the conservation goals of these renowned international parks.
Moreover, Orang National Park offers a distinct cultural experience, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the local Assamese culture and traditions. The park’s proximity to the River Brahmaputra also provides an opportunity for visitors to explore the riverine ecosystem and witness the unique interplay between land and water.
In terms of size, Orang National Park may be smaller compared to some of the international parks, but it compensates with its rich biodiversity and the unique species it harbors. The park’s compact size also makes it more accessible for visitors, allowing them to explore its wonders within a shorter timeframe.
While Orang National Park may not be as widely recognized as some of its counterparts, it holds its own unique place in the world of wildlife conservation. Its diverse range of flora and fauna, coupled with its cultural significance, make it a hidden gem worth exploring. Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, a nature lover, or someone seeking a unique cultural experience, Orang National Park offers a little something for everyone. So, pack your bags, grab your camera, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey into the heart of Assam’s natural heritage. Conclusion
In conclusion, the Orang National Park is a significant conservation area in India, known for its rich biodiversity and unique ecosystem. The park serves as a habitat for various endangered species, including the Indian rhinoceros, Bengal tiger, and Asian elephant. It also supports a diverse range of flora and fauna, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts and researchers alike. The efforts made by the authorities to protect and preserve this national park are commendable, as they ensure the survival of these endangered species and contribute to the overall conservation of the region. With its picturesque landscapes and abundant wildlife, the Orang National Park continues to attract visitors from all over the world, providing them with an unforgettable experience in the lap of nature.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Where is Orang National Park located?
Orang National Park is located on the north bank of the River Brahmaputra in Assam, India. It’s a significant part of Assam’s natural heritage and a hotspot for eco-tourism.
2. What is Orang National Park famous for?
Orang National Park is famous for its rich biodiversity, including endangered species like the Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros, and Indian elephant. It’s also known for its unique flora and fauna, making it a haven for wildlife photography and birdwatching.
3. What are the Orang National Park safari timings?
The safari timings at Orang National Park are typically from 7:30 AM to 9:30 AM in the morning and 2:00 PM to 3:00 PM in the afternoon. However, these timings may vary, so it’s advisable to make a Park Enquiry before planning your visit.
4. How can I make a National Park Enquiry for Orang National Park?
You can make a National Park Enquiry for Orang National Park by contacting the park administration through the Orang National Park contact number. You can also visit their official website for more information.
5. What is the history of Orang National Park?
Orang National Park, also known by its new name Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park, was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1985. It was later declared as a National Park in 1999 and a tiger reserve in 2016, contributing significantly to Indian National Parks’ history.
6. What is the Orang National Park Filter?
The Orang National Park Filter refers to the specific criteria or parameters used to categorize and understand the park’s diverse flora and fauna. It helps in the conservation and study of the park’s unique biodiversity.
7. What is the area of Orang National Park?
Orang National Park spans an area of 78.81 square kilometers. It’s a vital habitat for various endangered species and a significant part of Assam wildlife.
8. What is the ticket price for Orang National Park?
The ticket price for Orang National Park varies based on the activities you choose, like safari, trekking, or birdwatching. For the most accurate information, it’s best to contact the park administration or check their official website.
9. What is the accommodation situation like in Orang National Park?
There are several options for accommodation near Orang National Park, including the Orang National Park resort and various Park hotels. These accommodations offer a comfortable stay for tourists, often with stunning views of the park and its wildlife.
10. How far is Orang National Park from Guwahati?
Orang National Park is approximately 140 kilometers from Guwahati. The journey offers a scenic drive along the River Brahmaputra, making it a popular route for tourists visiting the park.